Hawaii County, Hawaii

Welcome to Hawaii County, also known as The Big Island. With a population of over 148,677 people, Hawaii is known for it’s vibrant green forests, breathtaking waterfalls, and lava flows that warm you to the soul. The largest town on the Hawaii island is Hilo so be sure to check that place out. Macadamia nuts are a flourishing trademark of the richness to be found on this tropical paradise. The famous flower of Hawaii County is the Red Lehua and Hawaii is also known for its active volcanoes, Kilua being the most active. While on The Big Island, make sure to book reservations to go whale sightseeing, surfing, scuba diving and snorkeling around the sandy coral filled shores. One dip in the water and you will know for certain that this is the almighty of almighty vacation resorts!

Hawaii County has 4,028 sq. miles of land mass, the highest summit being Mauna Kea measuring at 13,796 ft. Hawaii’s average temperate is 25°C which means you will never miss a day of sunshine. Some of Hawaii’s major industries include tourism, scientific technology, papayas, macadamia nuts, cattle, orchids, aquaculture, anthurisms and Kona coffee, which is the only gormet coffee grown in the United States. Tourism activities include deep sea fishing, golfing, sailing, horseback riding, scuba diving, hiking, tennis and scuba diving to name a few. As you can tell, Hawaii is absolutely rich in activities and you will never find yourself in a dull moment.

Hawaii was first discovered and settled by Polynesians in the fifth century. The Big Island is scene of large number of historic events. It was the birthplace of King Kamehameha I, and place of origin for Captain Cook’s capital kingdom. These historic sites have been preserved for centuries and are made available for tourists to come visit from around the world. In fact, Hawaii is so rich in environment that nearly every one of The Big Island’s regions boasts a national park! Hawaii’s Big Island has 12 spas, making it the ideal place to relax and rejuvenate. There are 7 botanical gardens, each one unique, and 18 golf courses on The Big Island. Come see for yourself what Hawaii is all about!

At the mere mention of the word Hawaii, one would almost immediately conjure up images of an expanse of inviting blue sea, warm powdery sand, brightly shining sun, luaus, and hula dancing. Situated in the Pacific Ocean, about 3,700 km from mainland United States, this archipelago is made up of several islands, the most known of which are Hawaii and Maui. Hawaii is blessed with a veritable collection of plant and animal life because of the country's notable annual rainfall. Most plants and animals are endemic and endangered, like the humpback whale, which is officially the state animal of Hawaii county.

Hawaii is a continuously growing area with its extrusive volcanic activity. The country is known for Kilauea, the most active and most visited volcano in Hawaii. The Kilauea, together with the Mauna Loa and the other volcanoes in the area, has helped create the region of the Hawaiian islands with its frequent outpour of lava.

The Aloha state is rich with history and lush ecology and is a favorite tourist destination of families, friends, and honeymooners from different parts of the world particularly during the summer. The official languages in Hawaii are Hawaiian and English. However, because the archipelago is populated with people from different countries, and races, other languages like Japanese, and Tagalog are among those most frequently spoken. Its diversity and its own brand of uniqueness is seen not only in the different travel and shopping spots, but in the different cultures of its inhabitants that makes Hawaii county a melting pot of traditions and beliefs.

Hawaii County's History

Hawaii was first populated by the Polynesians, followed by the natives from Tahiti and other pacific islands. These people began forming their own kingdoms that were ruled by the local chieftains because of the continuing increase in their population. There were frequent wars between the rulers of these islands over the control of other kingdoms. After long, bitter wars between the different native tribes, a chieftain, named Kamehameha, was able to unite and gain control of these islands. Establishing a dynasty called the House of Kamehameha, the chieftain and his successors ruled the island by divine right and right of birth.

In 1778, Captain James Cook of England arrived in Hawaii and named the archipelago Sandwich Islands to honor a friend and supporter, the 4th Earl of Sandwich; but was later killed during a dispute with the natives at Kealakekua Bay.

Hawaii's concept of religion, education, political, and social waned slowly with the steady arrival of American missionaries and foreign traders. Soon, Hawaii became a bustling area of activity that attracted migrant workers.

After the death of the Kamehameha Dynasty's last king, Hawaii elected Lunalilo as its next king. At his death, the governance of Hawaii was given to the House of Kalakaua. Queen Lili'uokalani became the last monarch to rule Hawaii until she was dethroned in 1893 by a coup of American and European businessmen. On July 4, 1894, the Republic of Hawaii was officially declared. Then on August 21 of 1959, the Hawaiian Archipelago was proclaimed as the 50th state of the Union.

Hawaii County's Attractions

People who plan to visit Hawaii find themselves wondering where to go and what to do. The possibilities are endless because each island is pulsating with color and life. Among of which is the traditional luau at the Kaanapali Beach, where dancers, singers, and musicians will treat you to an authentic Hawaiian entertainment while partaking with their sumptuous feast. If a day at the beach is what you crave, Hawaii has lots to choose from, like the world-famous Waikiki Beach that's full of fun outdoor activities. And since Hawaii is blessed with incredible marine life, the Sea Life Park at the Oahu Island is a definite place for the whole family where you get to see dolphins, sea lions, and other animals up close and personal.

However, if you are more interested in learning, Hawaii is a sure place for scientific researches. The Kilauea and Mauna Loa volcanoes are sure to get your brain rolling. Your experience with the frightening majesty of volcanoes will not end with words, pictures, or simulations, but you can pass along them and walk through extinct tubes of lava to see how they are made.

Hawaii is indeed an amazing place to relax and enjoy with different places to choose from. Whether your idea of fun is to go on an adventure with animals, walk up to a volcanic crater, or take a stroll along historical places and bazaars, Hawaii will never fail to enchant you, making you come back for more.

Hawaii County's Economy

Hawaii's income is mainly generated from plantation agriculture for the longest time. Mainly due to its warm tropical climate, products like sandalwood, pineapple, sugarcane, macadamia nuts, flowers, and other tropical fruits and crops are the chief source of the bulk of Hawaii's economy. Following is the whaling, military, education, and tourism industries. However, since the 1950s, tourism has become the predominant industry in Hawaii, with 24.3% of the United States' 1997 Gross State Product (GSP) coming from them. Because of their many successful and well-known destinations and establishments scattered among its islands, tourists in Hawaii are able to contribute to the tax collection figures just as with its residents. And with the growing number of businesses and industries coming to Hawaii, housing plans and real estate sales are increasing as islands try to accommodate the arrival of investors and foreign workers. After the end of summer and the tourist season on the islands, however, the county gets their income from exporting food, apparel, and agricultural exports.

Of course, the people of Hawaii are also concerned about preserving their famous natural resources and are now adding to their industry the Green Tourism. Examples of which are Cultural Parks and Plantation Villages where tourists and even locals would be able to explore the roots of Hawaii by opening restored villages and hold cultural festivals. Green Tourism will ensure that Hawaii's culture and natural resources will not be sacrificed while bringing in more people to visit by sticking to the principle of environmental balance.

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